Supplement 3a.

COI Universe: Photo Shoot

This article presents photographs of ocean waves that support the COI model’s explanation of a ‘bubbly universe’. This is part of the technical support for the COI Universe in Supplement 3a.

The picture details

Each picture shown here is just a thumb-nail version. Links to the full size version are present. Most pictures have been enhanced and cropped to show the desired light patterns more clearly and to remove the sandy sea bed. The raw version is also available. In a few places an occasional piece of seaweed can be seen. The camera details like zoom, ISO and f stop are available in the raw file, but generally it was just hand held, fully automatic with a zoom between 18 and 40mm.

The photo-shoot

Let me tell you this as a story to make it easier to see how the following pictures fit together and give them some perspective...

Figure 1
Figure 1 (full)

I went down to the beach. The tide was out and the sun was shining. The water was clear and glassy-smooth. Only some very small waves were rolling in and up onto the beach. (Figure 1) I wanted to photograph the patterns of light I had often seen in the water that I had come to recognise as something like the pattern I would expect from my proposed creation wave as is converges on the centre of the universe with ripples of energy flowing around the shell and triggering the release of galaxies.

Figure 2
Figure 2 (full/raw)
Figure 2 is a photo of one of the small waves, just as it broke. The myriad of water droplets were beautifully evocative of how a galaxy, a myriad of stars, are release from the creation wave.

Figures 3 and 4 show the light pattern with the sun behind me and my shadow in the picture. You can probably picture me knee deep. The small waves were running right to left in these two photos. These show an awesome level of detail. It was a surprise to me that I could not always tell the direction of the main waves from the light pattern.
Figure 3
Figure 3 (full/raw)
Figure 4
Figure 4 (full/raw)

The bubbly distribution and eddies

Figures 5, 6 and 7 are a selection of photos that seemed to reflect the pattern of the galaxies that has given rise to the ‘bubbly universe’. The pattern was in some photos more complex than others. The depth of water made a difference and deeper water seemed to have longer wavelengths and so a wider, less detailed spread of the light pattern. But in the photos I could see details that I could not see with the naked eye. I noticed small ‘eddies’ rippling out from many of the main crests along the wave fronts. These were not visible in all photos.
Figure 5
Figure 5 (full/raw)
Figure 6
Figure 6 (full/raw)
Figure 7
Figure 7 (full/raw)

Figure 8
Figure 8 (full/raw)
Were these eddies dependant on the direction of the light? Not really because I saw them in photos taken with the sun behind me as well as in front. Figure 8 is a photo taken in the direction of the sun to capture all the sparkling reflections coming off the water. I meant this only to capture the evocative feel of stars emerging. But this photo also shows sparkle coming off of the ‘eddies’ around the light pattern. (This can only be seen by zooming the full size picture.) So the eddies were not simply refracted versions of the main crests. The significance of these eddies is discussed in Supplement 3a.

Rolling up the beach

The small waves eventually roll right up the beach. The beach was very flat and the slope was very shallow so the waves rolled a fair distance for their small size. The sand was wet and often, a second wave would roll up while the prior wave was still slowly retreating, usually at a slight angle to the encroaching waves. Figure 9 is a picture of the wave rolling up from the lower right to upper left of the photo. You really need to load the full size picture and zoom it to see the amazing detail, but I have zoomed a small area in Figure 10 to make it clear. The pattern of light revealed a mosaic of ‘bubble-like’ cells. Wow, I had likened the creation wave to just this scenario and now I see the pattern of voids. Now I was excited! I was also surprised that the pattern did not have any obvious indication of the direction of flow.
Figure 9
Figure 9 (full/raw)
Figure 10
Figure 10 (full)

Mysterious ripples

While I watched the waves, I notice an occasional isolated ring of ripples appear on the surface. These concentric ripples is what I would expect from dropping a pea into a bathtub of water. There might have been a very faint sound but no visual splash. It seemed to my eye that a small wave was passing as the ripple occurred but I could not be sure. The ripples lasted less than a second. They were circular and visible to the naked eye, unlike the previously mentioned eddies that were not circular nor visible to the naked eye. I will be referring to eddies simply as eddies although they look like ripples from the crests. When I talk about ripples, I mean these concentric circular ripples.

I managed to capture several pictures of these rings as they appeared to me. The pictures show far more fine detail, and that they were not all round rings. I wanted to get the photo a close as I could to the start of the ripple. This was not easy because I had to wait to see one and then turn and shoot, so I then decided to focus intently at one place and wait for a ripple to appear. This got the delay down to reflex time. I snapped Figures 11 and 12 (cropped) of these ripples very close to their appearance.
Figure 11
Figure 11 (full/raw)
The dome is centre top.
Figure 12
Figure 12 (full/raw)

Notice a distinctive ‘dome’ in the middle. I think this dome is were multiple wavefronts joined together and created a peak that then collapsed back down, first into the dome and then completely disappearing, just leaving the ripples. The following Figures 13,14 and 15 show variation in the ripple patterns.
Figure 13
Figure 13 (full/raw)
Figure 14
Figure 14 (full/raw)
Figure 15
Figure 15 (full/raw)
Figure 16
Figure 16 (full/raw)
Ripples at bottom left

Figure 16 above is one last ripple photo which is very complex. The concentric ripples appear in the bottom left and you will need the full size. There are eddies all over the place but not everywhere and not quite as prominent as the ripples. Perhaps this accounts for why I could see ripples with my naked eye but not the eddies.


If you read some of my other articles you will know that I am not averse to getting excited. I started my photo shoot with the goal of recording the obvious pattern of light that seemed to reflect the same pattern of voids as seen in the ‘bubbly universe’ diagrams. But I was amazed to see the wave rolling up the beach as generating the same mosaic of voids but now a different mechanism was at play. Rolling up the beach, then in deeper water—what about at the edge of the universe as well?

But there is also a thing called “Quantised redshifts”. This occurs at about the 1 million light year distances which is much smaller than the 300 million light year voids. Could eddies play some part in the redshift quantisation? ...I have no idea yet.

I had already proposed that the energy spill to create a galaxy was triggered by the intersection of the creation wave and shock waves moving around the shell of energy. Now I also have these pictures of just such an intersection on the surface of water, where the dome and surrounding ripples are extremely suggestive of the most common spiral galaxy with a central bulge. ...continued in Supplement 3a.

–› Supplement 3a, COI Overview, Supplements